Must-see tourist attractions including iconic sights & beautiful architectural works are a small part of Ho bỏ ra Minh City, also known as Saigon. The real Saigon is located in far districts and in the huge system of back alleys. Hundreds of hidden attractions should not be missed in Ho chi Minh City. These brilliant gems include special streets và markets, buildings, slum areas, the monument of a monk burned himself to lớn death for religious equality và many things more. I have listed 17 vị trí cao nhất hidden attractions which are worth visiting in order to lớn learn more about the city’s less-known parts.

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Table of Contents

1. Thich quang đãng Duc Memorial (Monument)

Location: 298 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street, Ward 6, District 3, Ho chi Minh city (crossroads of Cach sở hữu Thang Tam & Nguyen Dinh Chieu Streets). Click to lớn view on Google Map.

What to do: talk about the story about Buddhist monk Thich quang Duc, how the memorial was planned and built; walk around the spacious garden with green grass và lots of trees; describe the statue, sculptural relief, lotus pond, photos of the burning monk; take some nice photos.

The story of monk Thich quang Duc Buddhist (or Venerable Thich quang Duc, Bodhisattva Thich quang quẻ Duc)

John F. Kennedy once said: “No new picture in history has generated so much emotion around the world as that one”. It was about the fact that the patriotic Buddhist monk Thich quang Duc burned himself alive at the crossroad of Le Van Duyet and Phan Dinh Phung Streets (Cach có Thang Tam & Nguyen Dinh Chieu Streets today). His act of protest was on papers’ front pages in the world. Journalist Malcolm Browne captured the image of Thich quang Duc immolating himself và won the World Press Photo of the year 1963. A chain reaction was sparked và the policies of President Ngo Dinh Diem & the history were changed forever.


Image of Thich quang quẻ Duc immolating himself by Malcolm Browne. Source: Manhai/Flickr.

Religious background

In 1963, 90 percents of the nation were Buddhist. As a thành viên of the Catholic minority, President Ngo Dinh Diem hated Buddhism, pursued discriminatory policies favoring Catholics for business arrangements, tax concessions, land allocation, military promotions và public service. Some Catholic priests owned private armies, there were forced conversions, shelling, looting, & demolition of pagodas in many regions.

There was a ban in early May on flying religious flags in public places. However, Catholics had been encouraged to fly the Vatican flat at a celebration for Diem’s elder brother who was Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc of Hue. A large number of Buddhists protested the ban, flew Buddhist flags, marching on Vesak – Buddha’s birthday in Hue. Ngo Dinh Diem’s forces fired into the protesters and killed 9 people.

Ngo Dinh Diem refused lớn take responsibility và blamed Viet Cong soldiers for the death. He also remained unwilling khổng lồ comply with demands of Buddhists so that increased the frequency of the protest.


Protesters pulled on barbwire in conflict with government forces in Saigon in 1963. Source: Manhai/Flickr.

Day of immolation

On 7th October 1963, about 350 monks & nuns led by an Austin Westminster sedan started at a nearby pagoda, marched in two phalanxes and carried banners in both Vietnamese và English. They asked for religious equality & denounced Diem government and its policy.

Thich quang quẻ Duc và two monks stepped out of the car. One of the two monks put a cushion onto the street, the other took out a five-gallon petrol can from the car. Thich quang đãng Duc sat on the cushion, meditated, rotated a string of wooden prayer bead while the monks and nuns formed a circle. Duc was in calm when a monk poured gasoline on his head. After reciting Namo Amituofo, he stroke a match và dropped it on himself. Flames consumed Thich quang đãng Duc’s robes and body, đen oily smoke emanated from fire.


Gasoline was poured on Thich quang Duc’s head. Source: Manhai/Flickr.

The monk Thich quang quẻ Duc left his last words in four letters, the most impressive words are translated into English as below:

“Before closing my eyes and moving towards the vision of the Buddha, I respectfully plead to President Ngo Dinh Diem lớn take a mind of compassion towards the people of the nation & implement religious equality to maintain the strength of the homeland eternally. I gọi the venerables, reverends, members of the sangha and the lay Buddhists khổng lồ organize in solidarity to make sacrifices khổng lồ protect Buddhism.”

The living heart

A monk repeated into a microphone: “A Buddhist priest burns himself to lớn death. A Buddhist priest becomes a martyr” in both Vietnamese and English.

Thich quang quẻ Duc’s toàn thân was fully immolated after about 10 minutes. The remain parts of his body toàn thân were collected & carried to lớn Xa Loi Pagoda. Duc’s heart did not burn after the cremation. It was placed in a glass at Xa Loi Pagoda và has been regarded as a symbol of compassion. Duc has been revered as a Bodhisattva.

History of the memorial

After Thich quang đãng Duc died, Buddhists built a tower in the grounds of Embassy of Cambodia on Cach có Thang Tam Street, called Le Van Duyet Street at that time to commemorate him.

On 6th November 2007, the ceremony to start the memorial was organized solemnly at 70 – 72 Cach sở hữu Thang Tam, Ward 6, District 3, Ho bỏ ra Minh City. This was the place where the living monk burnt himself in 1963.

The project of the memorial was designed by the sculptor Vo Cong Thang who won the art competition “Thich quang Duc statue và reliefs”. The statue was made by Mr. Banjerd Lekkong, known as “the golden hand of Thailand”.

On 18th September 2010, the Thich quang quẻ Duc Memorial was inaugurated.

The memorial has become a favorite place of Saigon people for taking a rest, calming themselves, taking the fresh air, praying for good luck and happiness. A lamp is kept lit constantly và incenses are always available. So that visitors can burn the incenses and insert them into the large burners in front of the statue at any time.


The memorial consists of nearly 1,850 square meter garden with lotus pond, walking paths, green trees and grass.


The garden is full of green trees.


Lotus pond at Thich quang quẻ Duc Memorial.


Photo of Thich quang đãng Duc sitting calmly in the fire.


Lotus flowers in different sizes & colors were everywhere, on green grass, on pillars in front of the memorial.


Statue of Thich quang Duc Buddha sitting in the fire

2. Nguyen Thien Thuat Apartment Buildings

Where is it located? the apartment buildings surrounded by 4 Streets Nguyen Thien Thuat, Phan Dinh Phung, Ly bầu To, Phan Thanh Gian, Ward 1, District 3. Click lớn see on Google Map.

What to lớn do: walk around, look around the yard, some shophouses, a pagoda in Block G, walk up the stairs, see interesting things about the real local life of Saigon in the apartment buildings.


The Tet Offensive (officially called The General Offensive và Uprising of Tet Mau Than 1968) was one of the Vietnam War’s largest military campaigns against the forces of South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam & the United States Armed Forces launched by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People’s Army of Vietnam. It was given that name because it happened on Tet holiday in 1968, called the year of Monkey in the lunar calendar. Started on 30th January 1968 in the Corps Tactical Zones of South Vietnam, the offensive was countrywide. Viet Cong và North Vietnamese won in more than 100 cities & towns. The Tet Offensive played an important role in weakening American public tư vấn for the war in Vietnam.

Large numbers of houses were destroyed during the Tet Offensive in around the country, including the slums which had existed before 1968 in the area of Nguyen Thien Thuat Apartment Buildings in recent.

The government decided lớn build many apartment buildings including An Quang, Duong Sat, Nguyen Thien Thuat (also called Ban Co).

Nguyen Thien Thuat buildings were completed in 1969.

Before 2000, the buildings was alcohol, drug, gambling, crime hotspot. In recent, the buildings have been home to many Saigon people. Amongst the residents are old owners who have been living here their whole life. They vày not want khổng lồ move to lớn new houses because they are familiar with the life here. Although the buildings are old, the léman luxury apartments are good choices for poor families who do not have enough money to lớn buy better houses or léman luxury in Ho chi Minh thành phố – one of the most expensive places lớn own a house in the world. Many students & workers rent the léman luxury because of cheap rental prices and good location. The contrast between poor và rich is still sharp in Ho bỏ ra Minh city as well as Vietnam. Some are very rich and the others are still poor.

Residents bởi vì not need khổng lồ go far for having a hair cut, getting a massage, ordering prepared foods, buying foods for trang chủ cooks, Nguyen Thien Thuat apartments. Hair salons, spas, tailor shops, fashion shops, restaurants and coffee shops are countless in the buildings. Vendors sell products, foods và drinks on moving carts, motorbikes, & at shoulder poles. There is the small Niem Phat Duong Lien Tri Pagoda on the top floor of block G for respecting Buddhas, praying và calming the mind.


A park between the blocks is the place where residents take a rest after a hard-working day or simply escape from the small boxed apartments. Neighbors sit on stone benches, talk khổng lồ each other, children run & play around the yard in the morning & evening. Teenagers gather, buy some takeaway foods and drinks, eat while chatting leisurely. From the yard, you can see the small Niem Phat Duong Lien Tri Pagoda mentioned above.


Residents sit on benches, eat & play in the small park in the area of Nguyen Thien Thuat buildings.


Visitors should not miss climb upstairs khổng lồ see lots of interesting things in the apartment. The 2 m wide staircases have ramps for 2-wheel vehicles. The residents do not have enough places to park their motorbikes and bicycles in the small parking area for both residents & visitors next lớn the yard on the ground. They must park the bikes in the apartment, bring upstairs và downstairs every day.


The staircase và ramp in Nguyen Thien Thuat buildings. Vendors put cooking utensils, cookware, foods, tables, stools, chairs, foods, signs, and umbrellas everywhere next to the staircase.

Blocks and apartments

Nguyen Thien Thuat Apartment Buildings have 11 blocks: A,B,C,D,E,F1,F2,G,H,J,K. There are about 120 families in a block. Shophouses have an area of about 40 m2 and cost around 2.8 billion VND (~ 130,000 USD). Other léman luxury have an area of around 30 m2, a height of 2.8 m, a width of 3 m, a length of 8 m. They are rather small.


Two blocks of Nguyen Thien Thuat buildings with steel balcony fences, walls và pillars with moss and mold, drying clothes, air conditioner outdoor unit, canvas và corrugated metal canopies, electrical wires, plants.

Appartments in blocks have been painted with different colors including green (the most popular), pink, orange. Beautiful patterned cement tiles which were very popular in Saigon in the 1960s still remain. Some of the léman luxury have balconies with steel fences, windows with wooden shutters, rolling doors.

Plants và flowers in the balconies make the lively và colorful. They dry clothes, towers, mattresses, even underwears in front of the apartments because there is no place better than the balconies which are windy. They hang the clothes not only on billets but also on electrical wires. From the balcony, you can see the electric clutter or telltale tangles of đen wires – one of the most dangerous electrical wires around the world. They even farm chickens on vị trí cao nhất of the buildings. Residents và visitors can hear roosters crowing suddenly.


Green và colorful corners in Nguyen Thien Thuat buildings. They plant storax tree (Bồ đề), a Rangoon creeper plant (Sử quân tử), Pink Bougainvillea plant (Hoa giấy), Mickey mouse plant (Mai tứ quý).

A romantic poem

Song Que poetic has written a poem about love with a girl in these buildings.

Chung cư cũ thời gian ông chồng chất. (Old apartment buildings throughout the years.)

Tuổi 50 nửa núm kỉ tròn. (50 years old half of a century.)

Bao nắng bao mưa đầy kỉ niệm. (Sunshine and rain full of memories.)

Nay đến một ngày mái ngói rơi. (The day when the tiles fall comes.)

Mai tháo đi rồi xây lại mới. (Tomorrow destroy & rebuild it.)

Xuân xanh trở về tuổi ở nôi. (Return to lớn the youth when lying in a cot.)

Hình bóng thời xưa vào tiếc nuối. (Regret the image in past.)

Khang trang áo mới lại lên ngôi. (It is time for a beautiful new cover.)

Về ngang kỳ lạ quá em còn đó. (Come back, too strange, you are still here.)

Hay sẽ ra đi tự chốn nào. (Or has left.)

Lên dòng cầu thang chuyển mắt ngó. (Walk up the stairs and look for.)

Em còn nơi ấy mối duyên trao. (You are still here and give me your love.)

What time lớn visit?

Quiet in the afternoon, the most crowded, noisiest in the morning and evening. The buildings are the most hustle & bustle in the afternoon.

Who is Nguyen Thien Thuat?

Born in Hung Yen Province, Nguyen Thien Thuat (1844 – 1926) was a high-ranking official governed some provinces in North Vietnam under the Nguyen Dynasty & a revolutionary leader, known as the leader the famous Bai Say uprising. In 1883, he continued armed resistance against the French although the Nguyen ordered to lớn stop fighting. The 9-year revolt (1883 – 1892) ensued in the swampy area of Bai Say (Field of Reeds) in Hung Yen Province.

Nguyen Thien Thuat used guerrilla warfare strategy, ordered small groups of Vietnamese combatants who were small & easily hid in the field of reeds, swamps, villagers’ houses to lớn attack the less-mobile French forces.

Read more about Nguyen Thien Thuat apartment buildings – Everything you need to know

3. Ho Thi Ky Flower Market

Location: Ho Thi Ky Street, Ward 1, District 10, Ho chi Minh City. The market is hidden in the area of Le Hong Phong apartment buildings in Ho Thi Ky street and its narrow alleys. Click to lớn see on Google Map.

Opening hours: 24/24.

What to do? Walk around, see flowers và their meanings in Vietnam, the real life at the non-sleeping market, eat lotus seeds.


Opened since 1987, the non-sleeping Ho Thi Ky Market is The biggest & oldest wholesale flower market in Ho chi Minh City.

Mrs. Ni was 60 years old and owns a small convenience store in the market. She told us that she spent her childhood at this flower market where she ran around the shops and play with her friends amid thousands of flowers. She did not remember when the flower market was opened. From the beginning, there were a few vendors sell flowers in front of Ho Thi Ky elementary school. Then they moved to lớn nearby places in the street of Ho Thi Ky. More và more vendors had started their business until it became a large wholesale and retail flower market. When the markets were crowded, she & her friend did not sleep, help the vendors lớn sell flowers.

Saigon people lượt thích buying flowers at Ho Thi Ky market but not at other flower shops or local markets because of the cheap prices, the variety of choices, the freshest flowers, & friendly vendors.


The market sells hundreds of flowers in different colors from many regions of Vietnam including Dalat – the land of flowers, Mekong Delta – the region of nine dragons, Hanoi – the capital of Vietnam, etc.

It is always crowded and busy at any time of the day. From midnight to early morning, sellers are busy selling flowers at wholesale to retailers. You can see trucks, 3-wheel vehicles, 2-wheel vehicles full of flowers transferred from farms lớn Ho Thi Ky, from Ho Thi Ky to other markets và flower shops. It does not mean that they vì chưng not sell at retail at this wholesale market. The street và back alleyways are usually filled with Saigon people who come khổng lồ buy flowers and plants.

Saigon people và flowers

Saigon people love flowers as well as beauty. They like to arrange fresh flowers and plants in vases and put them on windowsills, tables, desk, counters. On the altars, they arrange daisies (yellow and white colors are the most popular), lilies, white tuberoses, gladioluses (red, white, yellow), Dracaena fragrans. The flowers show Vietnamese respect to their ancestors.

At Tet festivals, Full moon festivals, và other festivals, the houses are usually full of flowers và plants.

They use fresh flowers to lớn decorate not only houses but also places for weddings, parties, death anniversaries, funeral, và special events. Flower decor packages cost from a few million VND (~ 50 USD) to lớn hundreds of millions VND (~ tens of thousands USD).

Flowers are one of the best presents in Vietnam, like in most of the countries in the world. They present flowers to lovers at any time of the year or on Valentine’s Day, to women on the International Women’s Day, Vietnamese Women’s Day, to teachers on Vietnamese Teachers Day. Flowers are great gifts on happy birthday parties.

When you come to a pagoda, church or temple in Saigon, you can see lots of flowers arranged by the monks and nuns, offered by Buddhists, Catholics, visitors, etc. At special Buddhist & Catholic events such as the Birthday of Buddha, Chrismas Day, Mid August, thousands of flowers make the religious sites more solemn.

At festivals, on special days, Ho Thi Ky market has no space for vehicles. The crowd of buyers fill the streets và alleys, choose the freshest flowers.

Some people vì chưng not have enough time to change the water, clean vases, & arrange fresh flowers. They choose artificial flowers which look like the real ones bought at good prices at Ho Thi Ky market. These artificial flowers will be changed when they are covered with dust after some months.

Flower shops và flowers

Meanings of flowers in Vietnam

Name of flowers và plants in English & Vietnamese & their meanings in Vietnam:

Rose – hoa hồng:

Red rose symbolizes for love and roman. Trắng rose symbolizes for pure love. Velvety rose (hồng nhung) symbolizes for sweet love. Some Vietnamese people think yellow rose is the symbol of betrayal in love. However, it symbolizes for friendship. Each number of roses has its own meaning in our country.

1 rose means only you, 2 roses mean strong love, 3 roses mean I love you, 6 roses mean I would like to own you, 9 roses mean forever love, 11 roses mean only love, 24 roses mean I miss you 24/24, 50 roses mean never regret, 100 roses mean we are together until 100 years old, 101 roses mean I do not love anyone but you, 108 roses mean Will you marry me?, 123 roses mean free love, 1001 roses mean honest love forever.

Daisy – cúc symbolizes for purity.

Red daisy symbolizes for love, multi colorful daisy means thinking about an absent friend, white daisy symbolizes for kindness, marigold (cúc vạn thọ) symbolizes for longevity, yellow daisy means memory & regard.

Gerbera – hoa đồng tiền, Dracaena fragrans or happy plant – cây phát tài symbolize for richness. Christmas berry, Australian holly, coral ardisia, coral bush, coralberry, coralberry tree, hen’s-eyes, và spiceberry – cây kim ngân lượng also is the symbol of richness.

Chinese taro (Caladium hortulanum) – môn tai phật which leaf looks like Buddha’s ear symbolizes for calmness và peace.

Orchid – hoa lan symbolizes for wealth and love.

Lily – hoa ly; Tuberose – huệ; Gladiolus – lay ơn, ; Carnation – cẩm chướng; ; Hydrangea – cẩm tú cầu; ; Orchid – hoa lan; Sunflower – hướng dương; Lotus – hoa sen; Filler flower – hoa dặm thêm; Baby’s breath – hoa bi; Peony – mẫu mã đơn; Tulip – tuy líp; Chrismas flower – cây trạng nguyên.

Tips for choosing flowers in Vietnam

Red màu sắc and roses for lovers.

Purple, white colors và orchids, tuberoses, daisies for funerals.

Flowers in bright colors for celebrations, weddings, happy birthdays, Teacher’s Day, Women’s Day.

Spring apricots, marigolds, spiceberries, happy plants, orchids at Tet festival.

Saigon real local life: sellers and workers


Two workers were cutting plastic threads and tie sheets of cardboard boxes which were used khổng lồ pack & ship flowers.

Who is Ho Thi Ky?

Born in Ca Mau Province, Ho Thi Ky (1949 – 1970) is a Vietnamese martyr who fought against the American forces in her hometown in the Vietnam War. On 3rd April 1970, she killed a general of The Republic of Vietnam. She died from a landmine at the age of 21. The commune where she was born, schools, and the biggest flower market in Saigon were named after this female hero.

Read more about Ho Thi Ky Market – Everything you need to lớn know và Ho Thi Ky Flower Market at Vietnamese Tet Festival.

Warmest Greetings khổng lồ All from Tracy Do! Talented & experienced Tracy’s team offers Vietnam tours and Vietnam travel services, especially Ho bỏ ra Minh city Day Trips including HO chi MINH MOTORBIKE TOUR, HO đưa ra MINH FOOD TOUR, MEKONG DELTA TOUR, CU đưa ra TUNNELS TOUR, HO chi MINH TRANSFER SERVICE & SHORE EXCURSION. Let us have a chance to show you Vietnam to the fullest. If you have any questions about Vietnam including Vietnam tours, do not hesitate to contact me.

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4. Cambodian Market

Location: Alley 66 Hung Vuong, Ward 1, District 10, Ho chi Minh City. The market is located on a narrow alley of Hung Vuong Street. The alley is parallel with Ho Thi Ky Street. View on Google Maps.

What to do? walk around, see strange things including lively animals, eat Vietnamese grilled sesame/banana girdle cakes (crackers).


In the 1970s, a large number of Vietnamese Cambodians escaped from Cambodia khổng lồ Vietnam. They lived in border provinces and Southeast Vietnam. More & more Vietnamese Cambodians came to Saigon & has built the culture of Cambodia in this city. Similar to lớn Chinese culture, Cambodian culture is an important part of Saigon. Cambodian foods & products have been sold at shops in an alley for more than half-century. It has become the paradise of foods not only Cambodia but also different regions of Vietnam, China, Thai. It attracts lots of Vietnamese Cambodians, Saigon people, foodies, visitors, & tourists.

The market is always full of people and very noisy. In the morning, local people come here for uncooked foods & have breakfast. From 2:00 PM, most of the food and drink stalls xuất hiện and the market is overwhelmed with foodies.

What to buy và see at Cambodian market?

At the Cambodian market, you can find everything from clothes to lớn accessories, from dried foods lớn uncooked foods.


Lively water animals such as snakeheads (cá lóc), Canarium erythrinum(ca na snails, ốc cà na), Meretrix lyrata (white hard clams, nghêu), Paratapas undulatus (undulate venus, sò lụa) scallops on round trays for sale at Cambodian market.

What khổng lồ eat in the Cambodian market?

Click HERE lớn learn more about tens of delicious foods at Cambodian Market

5. Temple of Ten Thousand Buddha

Temple of Ten Thousand Buddha, Ten Thousand Buddha Temple, Van Phat Pagoda.

Location: 66/14 Nghia Thuc Street, Ward 5, District 10, Ho bỏ ra Minh City. View on Google Maps.

Opening hours: 4:30 – 19:00. The main hall on the fourth floor opens from 6:00 lớn 17:00.

What to do: Get fortune via Sortilege machine, climb up to lớn 4th floor – the most beautiful hall of the pagoda.


Ten Thousand Buddha Temple was built by two monks Thich Dieu Hoa & Tang Duc Bon in 1959. The temple was a place for Chinese Buddhists and people in Saigon and neighboring provinces khổng lồ train, pray, worship Buddha.

In 1998, the Venerable Thich Truyen Cuong from Guang Dong, đài loan trung quốc decided lớn restore the temple. On 9th June 2008, a ceremony was organized khổng lồ celebrate completion of the restoration project.

For over 50 years, they have run lots of social charity campaigns and organized không tính tiền Buddhism and meditation courses. This alley (hẻm) hidden gem has been attracted lots of Buddhists và visitors including foreigners thanks lớn the chất lượng architecture and countless Buddha statues.


The main gate located at the beginning of the alley leads the way to lớn Van Phat Temple’s building. The gate has 2 roofs with green tiles & dragon carvings. Between two roofs is the sign written the name of this temple in Chinese. From the gate, visitors can see a 4-story building decorated with lines of red lanterns.

The temple’s building is some hundreds of meters from the gate. There is another gate with two stone pillars tiled roof right in front of the building. Two stone guardian lion statues are put in front of the main entrance on the first floor. There are also two entrances on two sides.


The front of the temple, a gate with two red pillars, a green roof, lines of lanterns, an incense burner, two stone lion statues, a lottery ticket stall.

Ten Thousand Buddha Temple was located in an alley in an urban area full of houses. The temple covers an area of fewer than 200 m2, has four floors và a terrace. The total built-up area is less than 1,000 m2.


4-story building of Van Phat Temple is hidden in a small alley lined with houses. They park motorbike, dry clothes on hooks in the alley. Visitors can see the network of electrical wires in the alley.

Sortilege machine

Vietnamese people usually come khổng lồ pagodas & temples to get their fortune told via sortilege. Traditionally, they use a cylindrical box containing bamboo or wooden sticks, each of which is numbered to lớn draw lots. The person who would like to get his fortune sits on his knees, sends devoted prayers to lớn the Gods and shake the box until one stick drops on the floor. Then he gives the numbered stick to lớn a sortilege fortune teller in order to lớn get a lot about his future base on the number.

Van Phat Pagoda has taken this tradition và practice lớn a higher level, automating the process and having a fairy deliver a cảnh báo (or lot) on your future. Unlike the old custom, the new method makes the whole procedure easier. How to get your fortune by this machine?

Donate money into the donation box next to lớn the machine.Get one coin in the plate next to the machine. Insert the coin to lớn the slot on the machine. The coin prompts the fairy to vì her thing.A lovely fairy handing a tray on her hand goes through the beautiful garden and disappeared through the door of the red houses.She comes back with a tiny tube containing a lot on the tray, then drops the tube so that you can get it from outside.The lot is written in English, Vietnamese & Chinese.

The fairy in a beautiful garden will bring the lot on your future after inserting a coin to the hole on the machine.

1st floor – Ksitigarbha Hall

On the altar, they worship:

Statue of Ksitigarbha (Bồ tát địa tạng) depicted as a monk with a halo around his shaved head, carrying a staff khổng lồ force mở cửa the gates of hell and light up the darkness.On two sides of Ksitigarbha are statues of Tôn giả Đạo Minh cùng Trưởng mang Văn Công.Pure Land Buddhism (Di Đà Tam Tôn) statue group of
Amitabha (Amida, Phật A Di Đà) – the principle Buddha in Pure Land Buddhism – a branch of East Asian Buddhism,Padmapani (Guanyin, Quán cố kỉnh Âm bồ Tát) that embodies the compassion of all Buddha,Mahasthamaprapta (Đại núm Chí) representing the power nguồn of wisdom.

 2nd floor – dẻo Bi Hall or Guanyin Hall

In Đại Bi Hall,

Statue of Guanyin having dozens of hands,Guanyin’s acolytes (nguời theo hầu):Sudhana (Thiện Tài Đồng Tử),Dragon Girl (Long Nữ).

3rd floor – Medicine Buddha Hall – Điện Dược Sư

They worship Three Eastern Buddhas (Đông Phương Tam Thánh) statue group of

Bhaisajyaguru (Medicine Buddha, Phật Dược Sư) known as a doctor that cured suffering using the medicine of his teachings.Two Medicine Buddha’s acolytes:Suryaprabha (Bồ tát Nhật Quang) whose name means sunlight that lightens the world và destroys darkness. Candraprabha (Bồ tát Nguyệt Quang) whose name means moonlight và who symbolizes fulfillment & peace.

The altar on which Medicine Buddha is worshiped, ceiling light, paintings on the walls, two towers with tiny Buddha statues on the third floor.


Hundreds of spirit tablets in the corridor on the third floor. Spirit tablets are everywhere in the temple.

4th floor – Main Hall – Pho quang Hall

Altar in the center worshipped
Vairocana (Phật Tỳ Lô giá bán Na, Đại Nhật Như Lai), seen as the embodiment of concept Sunyata referring khổng lồ five aggregates of experiences & the six sense spheres.

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Five aggregates include The khung (or matter or body) (rupa), perceptions (samjna), mental activity or formations (sankhara), sensations (or feelings, received from form) (vedana), và consciousness (vijnana). Six internal sense spheres include the eye, ear, nose, tongue, body & mind. Six external sense spheres include visible forms, sound, odor, flavors, touch và mental objects.

In the center is Siddhartha Gautama (Gautama Buddha, simply Buddha, Phật ưa thích Ca), believed to lớn have lived sometime between 6th and 4th centuries BCE và be an enlightened teacher helping sentient beings end rebirth và suffering. He sits on a huge golden lotus having one thousand of petals, each of which contains one tiny trắng statue.On two sides are Amida (Phật A Di Đà), Medicine Buddha (Dược Sư), Quanyin (Bồ tát Quán thế Âm), Ksitigarbha (Địa Tạng).Two big Buddha lamps.
Altar on the right
Manjusri (Bồ tát Văn Thù) whose name means Gentle Glory và who is the oldest và most significant Bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism.

Statue of Manjusri (Bồ tát Văn Thù) and his lion, Dharmapala statue on the altar on the right side of the main altar.

Altar on the left
Samantabhadra (Bồ tát Phổ Hiền) – Mahayana Buddhism’s Bodhisattva who associated with practice & meditation.

The big statue of Samantabhadra (Bồ tát Phổ Hiền) and his elephant, Dharmapala statue in front of Samantabhadra statue.

Three boards on which written Phổ quang đãng Minh Điện, Diệu Trí Văn Thù cùng Đại Hạnh Phổ Hiền.Walk upstairs from the main
Twenty six big paintings of eighteen Arhat (A La Hán) who gained insight into the true nature of existence and has achieved Nirvana – the goal of the Buddhist path, two Maha (Tổ Ca Diếp) who became an arhat và was the disciple of the Buddha, Ananda (A Nan) – the primary attendant of Buddha and one of Buddha’s ten principal disciples, six Zen Buddhist (Tổ Thiền tông Trung Hoa).


Ten Thousand Buddha Tower that has 5 floors.The tower for worshipping Buddhist monk Tang Duc Bon who left in 2000.

What lớn know about Buddhism?

It is believed that as many as 535 million people (8% và 10% of the world’s total population) practice this religion.The country with the highest proportion (96.9 %) is Cambodia.China has the largest population of Buddhist worldwide.Buddhism originated in India, between the 6th & 4th centuries BCE.Extant branches of Buddhism include:Mahayana is believed khổng lồ be the largest, popular in China, Japan, South Korea và Vietnam. Mahayana school recommends a vegetarian diet.


Theravada is a second largest, has widespread in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia. Theravada does not require vegetarianism. Buddhist monks live without money, eat one meal on a day, walk single file, oldest first, carry alms bowls so that people can offer them foods.


Vajrayana is popular in Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia, Tibet.Soka Gakkai.Hoa Hao.

Read more about Saigon Ten Thousand Buddha Pagoda – architecture, Buddha statues, rooftop, etc.

6. Cao dẻo Temple

Location: 891 Tran Hung Dao Street, District 5, Ho đưa ra Minh City. View on Google Map.

What khổng lồ know about Caodaism?

Caodaism was established in Tay Ninh Province, which is about 90 km from Ho đưa ra Minh thành phố in 1926.This religion has existed not only in Vietnam but also in North America, australia and Europe.As a new religion, Caodaism is a phối of big religions including Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Christianity, Shinto.Caodaists should be honest, kind, do not kill, help people around, pray, venerate dead ancestors, have vegetarian diets khổng lồ express the love for all creatures.Caodaism or Cao Đài literally meaning High nguồn is believed by Caodaist lớn create the universe.The symbol of the faith is the Left Eye of God.It is estimated lớn be up to 6 million Caodaists.Caodaists wear trắng clothing & wear black round hats.Men can wear colored clothing & square hats if they reach high levels in this religion.


In 1949, the highest dignitary Pham Cong Tac bought a French villa in an area of 931 m2 with the purpose of practicing Caodaism in Saigon.

After many times extending and restoring, the construction of Cao dẻo Temple was started in 1999 & completed in 2001.

The architecture of the Saigon Temple imitated the architectural thiết kế of The Holy See (or Cao dai Temple) in Tay Ninh.



Main gate of Saigon Cao dai Temple. Balcony on the first floor is decorated with lotus flowers & leaves. Two flags are hung on the gate, Tam Thanh Flag is on the right & the Vietnamese Flag is on the left. Colorful lotus lanterns make the temple more attractive.

The gate is built in three-door style so that it has three doors. The two side entrances are smaller the one in the middle. Under the roof, the following lines of text are written in Vietnamese:

Đại Đạo Tam Kỳ Phổ Độ which means The Great Faith Third Universal Redemption (Yellow line);

Tòa Thánh Tây Ninh which means Tay Ninh Holy See (Blue line);

Thánh Thất sài gòn which means Saigon Cao dẻo Temple (Red line).

The front

Looking from the gate, visitors can see two towers which are called Hiep Thien Dai.

A three-color flag, known as Caodaist Flag, Tam Thanh Flag or Cờ Tam Thanh is hung in front of the building. The yellow color represents Thái or Phật (Buddhism), the blue represents Thượng or Tiên (Taoism), the red represents Ngọc or Nho (Confucianism). This is an example of the mixture of different religion in Caodaism.


The front yard is not too small but not too large. Lines of Tam Thanh flags are hung in the yard. One of the impressive things in the yard is a human-powered two-wheel dragon boat used in funerals.


The human-powered two-wheel long boat at Saigon Cao dẻo Temple – top hidden attractions in Ho bỏ ra Minh City

First floor

The first floor functions as a living room where Caodaists meet & talk together.

Second floor

On this floor, visitors can see a pair of ivory tusks, tens of tables and chairs. Caodaist flags are everywhere.

Third floor


On the wall of the corridor, there is a painting of Cao dẻo Tam Thánh or Three Saints in Caodaism: Ton Dat Tien (1886 – 1925) – Chinese politician, physician, philosopher và the first president of the Republic of China, Victor Hugo (1820 – 1885) – French poet, novelist and dramatist of the romantic movement, và Nguyen Binh Khiem – Vietnamese educator, poet, administrator, sage and a saint of Caodaism. The original painting was created by artist Le Minh Tong in 1947 và has been displayed in the Holo See in Tay Ninh.

The biểu tượng logo of Caodaism or consists of:

Bình chén bát Du was the alms bowl of Gautama Buddha. This bowl floated against the flow of Ganga River when he was swimming there. This object represents Buddhism.Phất trần or Fly-whisk, used by Laozi – the founder of Taoism. It represents Taoism.Kinh Xuân Thu or Spring & Autumn Annals, compiled by Confucius, is the vi xử lý core Chinese classics since ancient times. It represents Confucianism.

Hiep Thien dẻo (Hiệp Thiên Đài, Legislative Board)

Hiep Thien dai consists of two towers in which bells and drums are placed. Each tower is 18 m high và has 5 floors. Hiep Thien dai communicates with the occult to receive divine messages, to preserve the religious laws & listen to lớn the complaints of the miserable, meaning to lớn symbolize the equality in the religion

Hiep Thien dai is connected with the Main Hall – the area of Cuu Trung Dai & Bat Quai dẻo on the third floor.

Cuu Trung dai (Executive Board, Cửu Trùng Đài)

In the center of the Main Hall is Cuu Trung Dai, whichi is supported by six pillars in two lines. Cuu Trung dai takes charge of missionary activities, Caodaists sit on their knees, pray in this area.

Every day at noon, Caodaists come to Cuu Trung Dai, find spots khổng lồ sit on their knee, chant their prayers.

Bat Quai dẻo (Bát tai ác Đài, Supreme Holy Organ)

Bat Quai dai is located at the back of the second floor. Bat Quai dẻo directs all activities of the universe under the leadership of Holy Spirits and God. The Supreme Holy Organ has eight long carved pillars & a big altar which has eight steps. The image of God Eye is placed on the vị trí cao nhất step.

Read more about Saigon Cao dẻo Temple.

7. Saigon Floating Market or tung Thuan Floating Market

Location: 23 Tran Xuan Soan Street, District 7, Ho bỏ ra Minh City. The market is located next to Tan Thuan Bridge so that it is called chảy Thuan Floating Market. View on Google Map.

Floating boats

Products are transferred by boats, sold on boats floating on Te channel và on its bank. Boats are served as means of transportation và places to live month by month, year by year.


At the market, they sell specialties of Mekong Delta và other regions, most of which are fruits including coconut (dừa), jackfruit (mít), mangosteen (măng cụt), mango (xoài), mandarin (quýt), guavas (ổi), pomelo (bưởi), ambarella (cóc), longan (nhãn), lansat (bòn bon), papaya (đu đủ), orange (cam), soursop (mãng ước ta), custard táo bị cắn dở (na), plum (mận), dragon fruit (thanh long), rambutan (chôm chôm), pineapple (khóm), banana (chuối), star táo (vú sữa).


At 4:30 AM, the market is crowded và noisy because they transfer products from the boats to lớn local markets. The fruits are sold wholesale at cheap prices. They also arrange the fruits on the boats and on the bank of the channel to sell at retail.

When the vendors sell out the fruits, they drive the boats lớn fruit orchards và transfer fruits lớn the market for selling. Day after day, they transfer, sell fruits, make money, pay for foods & necessities.

Attractions which we drive along without stopping: (you should let guests know about them on the bike).

Thuan Kieu ghost building, Special markets in District 5: rã Thanh motorbike accessories market, bird market, Trang Tu fruit market, hai Thuong Lan Ong lantern market, Chinese medicine market, Soai kinh Lam fabric market.

Tran Phu painting street, Nguyen Trai fashion street.

Slum areas looked from Nguyen Van Cu bridge.

Nguyen Van Binh book street (stop if we have time)

Read more about Saigon Floating Market.


8. Chảy Thanh motorbike accessories market

Location: An area of Bui Huu Tri, vày Ngoc Thanh, tan Hung, tan Thanh, Ha Ton Quyen Street, District 5, Ho đưa ra Minh City. View on Google Map.


Old and new motorcycles, Vespas, moped, motorcycle parts and accessories. It has been said that there are more than 3.5 million motorcycle parts in the world. The prices at this market are cheap. Some motorcycle components are original, new or secondhand, some are fake. Bargain is a must at this place to win a good deal.

Products include wheel (bánh xe), tyre (lốp xe), seat (yên xe), footrest (bàn nhằm chân), light (đèn), engine (động cơ), mirror, disc brake (thắng đĩa), exhaust pipe (bô xe), screw (ốc vít), etc.


The area around tung Thanh Street has hundreds of shops selling motorcycle components. Chảy Thanh motorbike accessories market has been full of people and the loud sound of vehicles. There are Each shop have some sellers at all of ages. They sit and stand in front of shops, offers passengers to lớn buy their products. They always welcome customers & introduce the accessories.

9. Bird market

Location: chảy Hung Street, next to Garden Mall (Thuan Kieu Plaza), Ward 12, Ho đưa ra Minh City. View on Google Map.

Some stalls selling birds, bird cages, and insects used lớn feed birds in the area next khổng lồ Garden Mall which was the ghost building Thuan Kieu Plaza has been existed for over 20 years. They gọi it Thuan Kieu bird market or Insect Market. Insects include crickets (dế), larva (nhộng), grasshoppers (châu chấu), worm (sâu).

In the morning and afternoon (6:00 – 8:00, 15:00 – 16:30) bird lovers bring their birds khổng lồ the spacious pavement next to lớn the market so that the birds sunbathe. The bird lovers, most of which are Chinese & Chinese born in Saigon trung quốc Town gather, sit, talk leisurely, tóm tắt bird care tips in the area. Coming here, you can see the real Saigon local life, relax while listening to lớn beautiful bird songs.

Read more about Thuan Kieu Bird Market.

10. Trang Tu fruit market

Location: Trang Tu Street, Ward 14, District 5, Ho chi Minh City. View on Google Map.

Opening hours: 24/24

Trang Tu Street is located near cho Lon Bus Station and Binh Tay Market in Saigon trung quốc Town. It is a small street lined with fruit and vegetable shops. Some vendors have no shops, they arrange the products in 3-wheel vehicles (xe bố gác), motorbike, even on sheets on the ground. The street is usually overwhelmed with lines of people and vehicles.

From 21:00 to 5:00 on the next day, it is a night wholesale fruit markets with dozens of trucks of fruits, vendors selling và buying fruits at wholesale. During the day, the market sells fresh fruits and vegetables at retails at very cheap prices.


Green mustards (cải xanh), carrot (cà rốt), green onions (hành lá), bell pepper (ớt chuông), potato (khoai tây), white radish (củ cải trắng), lettuce (xà lách), bitter melon (khổ qua), taro (khoai môn), lime (chanh Việt Nam), okra (đậu bắp).


Durian (sầu riêng), litchi (quả vải), avocado (bơ), yard-long bean (đậu đũa), snap bean (đậu que), cucumber (dưa leo), mướp (luffa), tomato (cà chua).

Read more about Trang Tu fruit market.

11. Nhì Thuong Lan Ong lantern (decorations) market

Location: hai Thuong Lan Ong Street, Ward 13, District 5, Ho chi Minh City. View on Google Map.

Opening hours: early morning – 20:00.

Shops lined on hai Thuong Lan Ong Street & a part of Chau Van Liem Street sell lanterns in different shapes, colors, sizes, and materials. There is a wide choice of decor products including artificial flowers và plants. Some shops are specialized in wedding decor products such as flower gates, wedding letters, wedding money box. At Tet festival, they sell red envelopes, wall stickers, good luck hanging pendant (dây treo may mắn). At Chrismas, they sell artificial Chrismas trees, Chrismas balls (quả cầu), Santa statues, stars, wooden pine cones (quả thông), banners, etc.

Read more about hai Thuong Lan Ong Decoration Street.

12. Chinese medicine market

Location: nhì Thuong Lan Ong Street, Ward 13, District 5, Ho đưa ra Minh City. View on Google Map.

Opening hours: different. A few shops mở cửa until 21:00.


It has been said this Chinese medicine market has existed for hundreds of years. At the over of the 17th century, Chinese soldiers & generals immigrate to Bien Hoa – a đô thị of Dong Nai Province. These Chinese people had become Chinese medicine practitioners. They start medical clinics and Chinese medicine shops. About 100 years later, the practitioners came khổng lồ Minh Huong village which is the medicine market in recent. The market has been bigger và bigger. It still remains despite the Vietnam wars & the rise of Western medicine in the country.


Today, more than 100 Chinese medicine shops are located on nhì Thuong Lan Ong, Trieu quang quẻ Phuc, Luong Nhu Hoc Streets. They sell Chinese medicines at wholesale & retail. Some of them function as clinics. The smell of Chinese medicine overwhelms the air in the area. Medicines are packed in sacks so that sellers or shippers transfer them easily. The shops provide lots of high-quality medicines including rare ones which are used to lớn treat thousands of patients in the countries.

13. Soai kinh Lam fabric market

Location: 481 Tran Hung Dao Street, Ward 14, District 5, Ho đưa ra Minh City. View on Google Map.

Opening hours: 7:30 – 16:30.


The market was named after the Soai ghê Lam Restaurant, which has been closed, next khổng lồ it. It is also called silk street. Coming lớn the market, you can see buildings, one of each has a sign “Thương Xá Đồng Khánh” or Dong Khanh Shopping Mall.

The market was established in 1989 when People’s Committee of District 5 decided to move fabric shops khổng lồ Dong Khanh Shopping Mall. In recent, the market has about 500 fabric shops. Every day, tons of fabrics are sold & transferred khổng lồ other regions.


The market sells fabrics of different materials và at different prices, ranging from a few thousand lớn a few hundred VND per m2. Common natural clothing materials include cotton, flax, wool, ramie, silk, denim, leather, parkas, fur. Common synthetic materials include nylon, polyesters, spandex. The fabrics are made from China, India, Korea, Japan, Vietnam.

Besides common fabrics, the shops provide special fabrics for making wedding dresses, stage clothing, monk robes, clothing at death anniversaries, on celebrations for longevity. Some shops specialize in the Vietnamese traditional long dress (Ao Dai).


A worker ate in front of the cửa hàng to save time. A shipper was putting a package of fabrics on the back of the motorcycle.

Read more about Soai ghê Lam Fabric Market – Ho đưa ra Minh City’s biggest fabric market.

14. Tran Phu painting street

Location: Tran Phu Street (from the crossroads of Tran Phu and An Duong Vuong khổng lồ Nga Sau Cong Hoa Roundabout), District 5, Ho đưa ra Minh City. View on Google Map.

Opening hours: morning – 21:00.

A nearly 1 km segment of Tran Phu Street is lined with galleries providing artworks by Vietnamese artists. Saigon people also hotline this street “art street”. Prices range from some hundreds of thousands of VND to lớn some hundreds of millions of VND.

Galleries on Tran Phu Street provide lacquer painting (tranh sơn mài), oil painting (tranh sơn dầu), embroidered painting (tranh thêu), cross-stitched painting (tranh thêu chữ thập), painting with gems (tranh cẩn đá quý), textured bronze painting (tranh đúc đồng), painting with bronze powder (tranh tủ nhủ đồng), silk painting (tranh lụa), painting with paper (tranh giấy), rice painting (tranh gạo), sand painting (tranh cát), oil painting print (tranh in tô dầu), painting with 2D, 3d printing (tranh in công nghệ 2D, 3D), painting on velvet fabric (tranh nền vải vóc nhung).

Some shops specialize in painting frames made from metal, plastic, wood, etc.

15. Nguyen Trai fashion street

Location: Nguyen Trai Street (from Nguyen Van Cu Street lớn the crossroads of Tran Phu và Nguyen Duy Duong Streets), District 5, Ho đưa ra Minh City. View on Google Map.

Opening hours: morning – 21:00.


Since 26th April 2018, Nguyen Trai Street’s segment from Nguyen Van Cu Street to the crossroads of Tran Phu & Nguyen Duy Duong Streets has become officially Nguyen Trai fashion street. There are more than 200 shops & vendors who sell fashion products on 4-wheel vehicles, cloth hangers.

Fashion products

Clothing, shoes, accessories jackets, bonnets, muffs, boots & shoes, cravats, ties, scarves, socks, hats, jewelry, watches, shawls, belts và suspenders, gloves, sashes, và stockings.


On Ho chi Minh city Shopping Tour by Motorbike, Tracy’s team does not take you to lớn shopping centers và markets for tourists but less-known shopping places where you can buy souvenirs, foods, clothes, accessories và others.

16. Slum areas looked from Nguyen Van Cu Bridge

Location: Nguyen Van Cu Bridge. View on Google Map.

Along the polluted channel, exist slum areas of very small stilt houses which area is less than 15 m2. The house was built from tole sheets, wood, bamboo, carton box sheet & anything they can pick up from somewhere.

Residents here are poor people và immigrants from other regions. Some of them have been living here for dozens of years. The houses are wet when boasts cruise along the channels và in high-water season. So that they usually live with insects such as cockroaches. The number of people in a house can reach up to 10 people. They sleep, study, cook, eat, & farm animals in small areas. These slums show a sharp contrast between the rich và poor in Vietnam’s biggest city.

17. Nguyen Van Binh book street

Location: Nguyen Van Cu Bridge. View on Google Map.

Opening hours: 7:00 – 20:00.

On 1st September 2016, Nguyen Van Binh book street was opened for the first time. Nguyen Van Binh book street has about 20 bookstores, some coffee shops decorated with books, a small playground, souvenir stalls. There is an area for exhibitions of books, photographs, magazines. It has been a favorite place for reading books, buying new & old books, enjoy drinks at book coffee shops, buy souvenirs.

Read more about Nguyen Van Binh Book Street.

Ho chi Minh thành phố (also known as Saigon) offers hundreds of things to do thanks to the history of hundreds of years, the phối of many cultures và religions. There are not less than one hundred of choices including Ho đưa ra Minh đô thị Tour by bus or private, Cyclo thành phố tour, Saigon culture tour, etc. It would be a big miss if we vị not mention Ho bỏ ra Minh Motorcycle Tour – one of the perfect choices to lớn experience Saigon in a quality way, a great chance khổng lồ explore the thành phố to its fullest. Bus or car tours only take you khổng lồ tourist attractions which are very popular in any Saigon guide book. Only motorcycle tour can take you to lớn the real Saigon in far districts and in small alleys. The culture of Saigon does not include cars or buses but motorcycles which are the most effective và popular means of transportation. Some people may read that Saigon traffic is crazy and it is dangerous on a motorcycle. Experienced drivers & guides know how to be safe. These amazing places should not be missed on a Ho bỏ ra Minh Motorcycle Tour. Tourists will not regret visiting hidden gems of the city which can only be reached by motorcycles. The followings are some good choices on which you can enjoy vị trí cao nhất must-see and secret attractions on Ho đưa ra Minh Motorcycle Tour:


On this Ho đưa ra Minh Sightseeing Tour by Motorbike, Tracy’s team will show you Ho Thi Ky flower market & lots of brilliant gems in back alleys.

1. Saigon War Remnants Museum: This was first named American War Crime Museum from 1975 after the Vietnam War finished. But then the name changed into War Remnant Museum from 1995. This museum with a lot of documents about Vietnam War and nowadays this become the Must-See Places in Ho đưa ra Minh City.


In November 1975, after the negotiation convention between the communist North Vietnam và their colleagues in South Vietnam was completed, the Provisional Revolutionary Government renamed the palace Reunification Hall (Reunification Palace).

3. Saigon Central Post Office: Saigon Central Post Office is one of the typical buildings in Ho bỏ ra Minh City, located at No. 2, Paris Public Garden, District 1. This is a building built by the French in about five years. 1886-1891 with European thiết kế by architects Villedieu và assistant Foulhoux. This is a Western-style architecture combined with oriental decoration.


On 11.4.1861, as decided by Admiral Léonard Victor Joseph Charner, the Grand Canal was renamed the Charner Canal. The banks of the canal are two parallel roads: Rigault de Genouilly (Tax mall) & Charner street (Palace hotel, Ho bỏ ra Minh City). In 1887, the Charner Canal was leveled. The two sides of the canal are merged into Charner Boulevard. In 1956, Charner Boulevard was renamed Nguyen Hue Boulevard, và today is the Nguyen Hue Walking Street.

5. Cu bỏ ra Tunnels: Cu bỏ ra Tunnels System is an underground defensive system in Cu bỏ ra District, 70 km north-west from Ho chi Minh city center. This tunnels system was excavated by the Viet Minh and the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam during the Indochina War (French War) in 1948 và the Vietnam War (American War to lớn Vietnamese). The tunnels system includes an infirmary, several rooms, a kitchen, a storage room, an office, an underground tunnel system. The tunnel system is about 250 km long & has ventilation systems at the bushes. Cu bỏ ra tunnels are built on land known as "steel land", located at the over of the Ho đưa ra Minh Trail. During the Tet Offensive of 1968, the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam used this tunnel system lớn attack Saigon.


According khổng lồ the General Statistics Office of Vietnam 2017, the total area of ​​the provinces and cities of the Mekong Delta is 40,548.2 km² và the total population of the provinces in the region is 17.9 milions people. The Mekong River Delta accounts for 13% of the country"s total area but over 19% of the country"s population, higher than the whole country (7.8% in năm ngoái and 6.8% in the whole country). Rice alone accounted for 47% of the area và 56% of the country"s rice production; Rice exports from the whole region trương mục for 90% of production. Not to lớn mention 70% of the area, 40% of output and 60% of exports nationwide. However, the Mekong River Delta is still poorer than the whole country.

7. Ben Thanh Market (Chợ Bến Thành) is a market located in District 1, Ho đưa ra Minh City. The market was started constructing from 1912 to lớn the end of March 1914, it was completed. In many cases, the clock image at the south gate of this market is considered an unofficial symbol of Ho bỏ ra Minh City.


Originally, Ben Thanh market existed before the French invaded Gia Dinh. Initially, the market"s location was on the bank of the Ben Nghe River, next to lớn a river wharf near Gia Dinh citadel (at that time the Quy city, also known as the Bagua citadel). This port is used for travelers và soldiers khổng lồ enter the city, hence the name Ben Thanh, và the market is also called Ben Thanh market.

8. Binh Tay Market: Binh Tay Market is a market in District 6, Ho đưa ra Minh City, located in an area called cho Lon, so it is often called informally itself as Cholon. Binh Tay Market is located in a campus of 25,000 m2, located between 4 Thap Muoi - Le rã Ke - Phan Van Khoe - Tran Binh roads. This market has a rectangular surface, 12 gates (both main & secondary) & is designed in Asian architecture.


Binh Tay Market is a major wholesale hub of Ho đưa ra Minh City. Goods here are distributed throughout the country, even wholesale to Cambodia & many other markets. The oldest market in Ho đưa ra Minh đô thị is a place that attracts many domestic và foreign tourists.

9. Jade Emperor Pagoda is the common name of Dien Ngoc Hoang, Phuoc nhì Tu (the French name is called da Kao Pagoda); Currently located at 73 Mai Thi Luu Street, District 1, Ho đưa ra Minh City, Vietnam. The temple was originally a temple of Jade Emperor God built by a person named Luu Minh (whose name is Luu Dao Nguyen, a Cantonese person from China) in the early 20th century. According lớn scholar Vuong Hong Sen, Luu Minh who "became a vegetarian, kept the Master"s teachings, determined to lớn overthrow the Manchu Dynasty, và made money to create a temple to lớn worship & to make a private place".


In 1982, Venerable Thich Vinh Khuong came khổng lồ take over the temple. Since then this temple has belonged khổng lồ the Vietnam Buddhist Church. In 1984, the Jade Emperor was renamed "Phuoc nhì Tu".

10. Thien Hau Temple: also known as cha Cho Lon pagoda, Han Chinese name is Thien Hau temple is a temple dedicated lớn Thiên Hậu Thánh mẫu currently located at 710 Nguyen Trai Street, District 5, Ho bỏ ra Minh City. Because besides the temple, there is Tue Thanh Assembly Hall.


Ba Thien Hau pagoda was immigrated khổng lồ Vietnam